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The Group obtained information to the effect that these cases form the basis of a wider network.
xoln Interference with Kimia II operations Forces dmocratiques de libration du Rwanda and Rally for Unity and Democracy-Urunana diaspora and international support networksDiaspora leadership Other participants included Esperance Mukashema who, according to several sources in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a family member of General Sylvestre Mudacumura, and Victoire Umuhoza Ingabire, a Rwandan opposition politician see para.
The contents of the e-mail 24s2009 showed discussions in Kinyarwanda between the e-mail account holder and an anonymous contact claiming to be part of a Tutsi monarchist movement called the Mouvement Ruderhiwa pour la libration du Rwanda who wants to plan an attack against the Government in Kigali. Ignace Murwanashyaka and Mr. Some of these funds, together with others that have been raised externally by the leadership, are then transferred back to FDLR officers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo via bank transfer and through Western Union and other money transfer agencies for uses such as medical treatment for FDLR officers.
Mutokas agents in Uvira on a weekly basis. The Group also visited Crown Jewellers, where its owner informed the Group that he did not purchase any gold except for gold jewelry, which he would then smelt. The Group has also been informed by a number of sources in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo that following an initial period in which General Nkunda was isolated from outside contacts, he has held meetings with several of his former associates who doln visited him in Kigali from May onwards.
According to several interviews conducted by the Group, Mr. Seven different gold traders interviewed separately by the Group in Butembo, Kampala and Dubai confirmed that the main personalities involved in orchestrating the laundering and smuggling of gold from Butembo on to Kampala and Dubai are Rajendra Vaya and family and J.
Rwema comprising members of the Congolese Tutsi diaspora and individuals linked to FRF with the objective of winning external support. Muyeye also supplies African Ventures Ltd. The Group has obtained documents and testimonies from government mining officials in Walikale claiming that out of every 2, Congolese Francs taxed on each 50 kilogram sack of cassiterite mined, 1, Francs are given to security officials, and 30 to 40 per cent of that sum goes to FARDC annex The Group has obtained two audio recordings of a priest of Rwandan origin based in Spain, Jean-Berxchmans Ntihabose, whose Spanish telephone number has also appeared several times since on the logs of a satellite telephone controlled by General Mudacumura annex Vaya left the country to concentrate his business in Uganda.
After the Group had explained that it knew the company address was the same address as Mr. 243d2009 Nyamuhimba, using the alias Martin Nteziyayro, is suspected of having participated in 243w2009 meetings with Interahamwe militia aoln the Rwandan genocide.
UN Report Congo Group Experts – [PDF Document]
North Kivu-Uganda networks The documents show that Colonel Nakabakas telephone number was found on the drivers telephone. Nyamwisi was Minister of Decentralization 24s32009 the Democratic Republic of the Congo at the time of writing the present report.
The alliance between the two movements was reportedly sealed in September soon, when an FDLR liaison officer was appointed within the FRF headquarters. This recording has been archived at the United Nations. In one e-mail, dated 17 Julyhe writes that he is able to introduce his interlocutor to high ranking Tanzanian officials.
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While working with MONUC on the above cases, the Group developed a model database for the identification of 243s20099 seized by MONUC, including pictures of all the relevant markings necessary for subsequent tracing exercises. The FNL dissident elements participating in the 9 April attack were reportedly recruited in Burundi by Congolese nationals and given money and weapons. This pattern suggests the weapons are more likely to have been taken from a stockpile, rather than handed in individually by different fighters.
A number of industry 23s2009 informed the Group woln since Februarythey have been unable to access as much cassiterite as in the past from Bisie. During the period of Kimia II operations, several thousand refugees based in camps in Rwanda trickled back to reoccupy contested land in the Kivus, exacerbating ethnic and landbased tensions among local communities. The present report illustrates how FDLR gold networks 243s0209 tightly intertwined with trading networks operating within Uganda and Burundi as well as in the United Arab Emirates.
The Group continued its research into FDLRs illegal exploitation of natural resources in complicity with traders working for Congolese mineral-exporting companies. Sincethe Group has been informed several times that gold trafficked out of Burundi and Uganda is being hand-carried on commercial airlines, notably Emirates Airlines, Kenya Airways and Ethiopian Airlines.
Kumar at the Asian Exchange Centre bureau. Abanta frequently delivers Mr.
UN Report Congo Group Experts
The Group received several testimonies from FDLR former combatants and local gold traders in the United Republic of Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo relating to the transfer of several hundred grams a week of gold entering the United Republic of Tanzania from South Kivu, and comprising gold that has been sourced from FDLR-controlled zones.
A gold trader in Minembwe stated to the Group in the course of an interview in July that he had sold gold obtained from the Hauts Plateaux area, including from FRF-controlled areas, and that quantities of gold were transferred from the Hauts Plateaux area to Mr. In conclusion, the Group observes that the above cases show a pattern of continued diversion of arms and ammunition, and that even small-scale diversion of military equipment fuels trafficking activities, both of which benefit non-State armed groups, including FDLR.
Similarly, the Group has obtained further eyewitness accounts, as well as confirmation from interlocutors in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Burundian security services, that during the months of July and Augustseveral FDLR elements were observed fleeing FARDC military operations into Burundi.
The Group obtained Ugandan customs statistics and analysed several suspected front companies being used by the Lodhia and Vaya families, although is unable to conclude from these statistics how much gold they are exporting on a monthly basis. Support by the diaspora is provided through fund-raising and propaganda exercises and money-laundering activities, but it also includes the coordination by the supreme leaders of these movements, based in Europe, Africa and North America, of FDLR and RUD-Urunanas military strategies in consultation with military leaders based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Ntihabose confirming that he attended the same seminary as his close friend Jean-Berchmans Turikubwigenge, a Rwandan refugee and Italian citizen, who has also been in telephone contact with FDLR military leaders according to telephone logs, who attended the RUD-Urunana talks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo inand who was a military chaplain in Rwanda during the genocide annex The Group continued to consult with central and provincial government authorities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, but regrets not being afforded an opportunity to hold substantive consultations with that countrys Ministry of Defence.
Ramazani from the Democratic Republic of the Congo authorities. The Group has obtained a picture of bagged minerals taken near Bisie mine in Mr.