ASTM B487 PDF

Image analysis software for measuring layer thickness and porosity on inconel coating samples as per ASTM B ASTM B Test Method for Measurement of Metal and Oxide Coating Thickness by. Microscopical Examination of Cross Section. This test method covers. The results stated above relate only to the specific items tested. Information and statements in this report are derived from material, information.

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b87 It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the astj of regulatory limitations prior to use.

For practical purposes better resolution cannot be obtained regardless of the quality of the optics or of the total magni? Dubpernell Microporosity Test on a copper, nickel, chromium plated automobile part.

Errors of several percent are not unrealistic unless the scale has been calibrated or has been certi?

It is not reasonable to specify only one set of techniques, and it is impractical to include all suitable techniques. This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense. Automobile door handle – copper, multilayer nickel and hard chromium plated. As calibration is operator dependent, the eyepiece shall be calibrated by the person making the measurement.

For gold, lead, silver, nickel and copper coatings on steel, copper, and copper alloys. For tin and tin alloy coatings on copper and copper alloys. Poor quality lenses could preclude accurate measurements. Swab with a fresh solution. Etches copper and copper alloys.

This is usually achieved by overplating the specimen with a coating at least ? Such a movement during the measurement can cause an erroneous measurement at moderate and high magni? The apparent boundary may be poorly de? Showing potential difference between semi-bright and bright nickel Showing difference in thickness of bright and semi-bright nickel layers.

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Astn additional guidance see Methods E 3. If, before grinding, reference marks are inscribed on the side of the mount, any inclination from horizontal is easily measurable. For a microscope there is a theoretical limit of resolution determined by the numerical aperture NA of the objective. For determination of thickness of individual layers of multilayer coatings of nickel on steel and copper alloys; distinguishes each layer of nickel by identifying structures.

Current edition approved Feb. Preparation of Cross Sections 6. For silver ast, gold on copper and nickel alloys and steel. It is better to overplate zinc with cadmium and vice awtm.

Micrograph showing multilayer nickel using in-house etching process.

ASTM B – Coating Thickness by Cross Section / X-Section

aatm Etches nickel; excessive attack on steel and copper alloys. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee, which you may attend. Precision and Bias 9. Micrograph cross-section showing nickle and copper thickness. Etches aluminum and its alloys. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Initial grinding should employ or grade abrasive to reveal the true specimen pro?

For anodized aluminum alloys. Conversion coated aluminum part Electrical resistivity and corrosion testing. Etches zinc, zinc-based alloys and cadmium.

Electroless nickel plated part – Failure analysis Wstm why the electroless nickel failed by studying surface micrographs, nickel thickness distribution and also electrochemical asrm of nickel.

Originally published as B — E 3 Methods of Preparation of Metallographic Specimens2 3. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every? The measurement will be no more accurate than the calibration of the eyepiece.

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For nickel and copper on zinc-based alloys. NOTE 1—These techniques will be familiar to experienced metallographers but some guidance is given in Section 5 and in Appendix X1 for less experienced operators. If a stage micrometer b4877 not certi? That is, for practical purposes, greater magni? If abrasive particles do become embedded, they may be removed by applying a short, light hand polish with metal polish after grinding and before diamond?

This theoretical limit is approached by good quality microscopes.

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Edge rounding can be caused by improper mounting, grinding, asfm, or etching. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be asym by contacting ASTM at the above address or at phonefaxor service astm. For nickel on copper and its alloys. A change in tube length may occur when the eyepiece is repositioned within the tube, when the focus of the astk tube is changed, and, for some microscopes, when the? Coulometric and microscopic cross section thickness analysis, STEP potential, Microporosity using Dubpernell test, Active sites before and after corrosion.

Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.