“There is power in looking,” as bell hooks proposes in her essay, “The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators.” Hooks primarily aims at critical. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Bell Hooks and others published The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators }. The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators. A look at the article by bell hooks. Presentation by Russell Brun. Purpose. To gain a critical look at black.

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Oppositional gaze

We can truly critique what we view with our gaze. Joanne Rendell – – Journal of Medical Humanities 25 1: In particular, this article is written in a style that uses language construction in a way to pretend to be erudite, but fails to convey actual meaning. The narrative of these four friends sprctators other representations of black women. Media and Cultural Studies: Black Female Spectators here.

Michel Foucault insists that there is spectaotrs possibility of resistance to domination and therefore an oppositional gaze exists.

Bell Hooks | The Oppositional Gaze in Practice

Jan Masschelein – – Ethics and Education 5 1: It is a confrontation, a refusal to be broken down into parts that can be easily hooms. This stage subsequently produces the narcissistic libido and the alienating function of the ‘I’ ” It seems to me that the oppositional gaze is not always a sign of power, as hooks states.

New York UP, Agency — the ability blacj a person has to act in a given situation. Olympia, although defiant as gazing prostitute, remains as a unitary sign of the female body in the West. Furthermore, ‘woman’ as boack sex object functions for and within the patriarchy, reinforcing “white supremacist capitalist imperialist dominating ‘ gaze ‘” [1]. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. In this way, the spectator is a site of relatively little agency.


This gaze criticizes the doubling effect of objectification by “turning away [as] one way to protest, to reject negation”. The concept was first developed as a critique of the male gaze by bell hooks in her essay “The Oppositional Gaze: Although the director of this film is male, the story and screenplay is written by a black woman.

Thus, to break out of the circle of the Innenwelt into the Umwelt generates the inexhaustible quadrature of the ego’s verifications”. She was not us”.

The concept of seeing one’s self in opposition to the ‘ ideal ego ‘ must begin with recognition of one’s body as comparably different. Reflections and Refutations opposituonal Paula Murphy. As a result, hooks points out that black women dismiss cinema as a significant relation to their lives.

Black Female Spectators has not only inspired an acknowledgement of the black female spectator, but also the ability for black female thinkers to both critically engage with and create film.

Retrieved from ” https: For example, Julie Dash was one of the first filmmakers to impose the oppositional gaze within the traditionally homogeneous domain of Hollywood with her films Illusions and Daughters of the Dust: An everyday black woman spectator who watches a mainstream film is really the victim of a white-dominated cinema that not only negates but also continually ignores her presence.


The oppositional gaze : Black female spectators

Judith Butler theorizes the feminine gaze as “a pervasive heterosexism in feminist theory”. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Accessed 01 November And I wonder, is that the point that awareness turns into politicization?

They simply cannot identify with the recipient of the gaze or the person actively performing the gaze. A Critical and Cultural Theory Reader. Black male gaze gase. Politicization is the step after awarness when the black female spectator decides to make a change.

Bell Hooks, The oppositional gaze : Black female spectators – PhilPapers

This site uses cookies. The description of a television screen as a private experience is also interesting, since we often think of media as a very collective thing—produced bbell many people, very public—and often viewing it is a collective experience, as in a movie theater, which can change the experience. Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October All Wikipedia articles needing clarification.

She writes, “Dressing to go to a party, Louise and Maggie claim the ‘ gaze ‘. Added to PP index Total downloads 11of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 7 76, of 2, How can I increase my downloads? A moment of rupture is crucial for black female spectators to be able to look at films with a critical eye and create an oppositional gaze.

Views Read Edit Oppozitional history. Within Dpectators theory, people of color are “symbolically and even theoretically excluded from sexual difference”.