PDF | A careful reading of the KUBARK manual is essential for anyone involved in interrogation, if perhaps for no other reason than to uncover a definition of. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources. “An environment still more subject to control, such as water-tank or iron lung, is even more effective,” the KUBARK manual concludes.

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Personality Categories C. The time available for unilateral testing and exploitation should be calculated at the outset, with a fair regard for the rights and interests of other members of the intelligence community. While the excerpts released by the Pentagon are a useful and not misleading selection of the most egregious passages, the ones most clearly advocating torture, execution and blackmail, they do not provide adequate insight into the manuals’ highly objectionable framework.

But no one of them is persistently dominant; the average man’s qualities of obstinacy, unrealistic optimism, anxiety, and the rest are not overriding or imperious except for relatively short intervals. The last section, on do’s and dont’s, is a return to the broader view of the opening parts; as a check-list, it is placed last solely for convenience. Team members who are not otherwise engaged can be employed to best advantage at the listening post.

CIA, KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual

Pressure kbuark or hostility will make them retreat inside themselves, whereas reassurance will bring them out. As an adult he may have learned to cloak his resistance and become passive-aggressive, but his determination to get his own way is unaltered.

Not Enabled Word Wise: The interrogator begins routine questioning of A, speaking rather softly and inducing A to follow suit. The interrogator also chooses the emotional key or keys in which the interrogation or any ukbark of it will be played. Archived from the original on At the same time it is necessary to make every effort to keep the subject from learning through the interrogation process precisely where our informational gaps lie.


Except within the Communist frame of reference, they have paid less attention to the creation of internal controls — i. The plan for the interrogation of a traveller differs from that for other types because the time available for questioning is often brief.

In any case, there is bound to be some slanting of the facts unless the interrogatee redresses the balance. According to a declassified report prepared for the Senate intelligence committee, the manual was developed from notes of a CIA interrogation course in Honduras.

kubar, Sometimes his sense of superiority is interwoven with a kind of magical thinking that includes all sorts of superstitions and fantasies about controlling his environment. To escape the mounting tension, the source may grasp at any face-saving reason for compliance – any explanation which will placate both his own conscience and the possible wrath of former superiors and associates if he is returned to Communist control.

Therefore prior Headquarters approval at the KUDOVE level must be obtained for the interrogation of any source against his will and under any of the following circumstances:. The sad fact is that defectors who left their homelands because they could not get along with their immediate or ultimate superiors are also likely to rebel against authorities in the new environment a fact which usually plays an important part in redefection.

Whereas accusations of lying or other indications mznual disesteem will provoke withdrawal from the situation, teasing the truth out of the schizoid subject may not prove difficult if he is convinced that he will not incur favor through misstatements or disfavor through telling the truth. This principle also affects the decision to employ coercive techniques and governs the choice of these methods. The labor of extracting the truth from unwilling interrogatees should be undertaken only if the same information is not more easily obtainable elsewhere or if operational considerations require self-incrimination.

The initially resistant subject may become cooperative because of a partial identification with the interrogator and his interests, or the source may make such an identification because of his cooperation. If the information was obtained indirectly, the identities of sub-sources and related information about the channel are needed. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Or they may have been “model” children who repressed all natural hostilities.

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Horowitz has been quoted and summarized at some length because it is considered that the foregoing is a basically sound account of the processes that evoke confessions from sources whose resistance is not strong at the outset, who have not previously-been confronted with detention and interrogation, and who have not been trained by an adversary intelligence or security service in resistance techniques.

The second cause is that some sources are resistant “by nature” – i. The purpose, then, mqnual not to teach the reader how to be a good interrogator but iubark to tell him what he must learn in order to become a good interrogator.

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation – Wikisource, the free online library

He has established the superiority that he will need later, as the questioning develops, and he has increased the chances of establishing rapport. Later portions of this manual explore this topic in more detail.

Real difficulties are more frequently created by interrogatees who have succeeded in withholding. An overstuffed chair for the use of the interrogatee is sometimes preferable to a straight-backed, wooden chair because if he is made to stand for a lengthy period or is otherwise deprived of physical comfort, the contrast is intensified and increased disorientation results.

The correct method of using such a letter is to lead the witness quietly into repeating the statements he has made in his direct testimony, and which his letter contradicts.

On the contrary, the goal is to generate maximum pressure, or at least as much as is needed manial induce compliance. The causes of intense concealed anxiety are too complex and subtle to permit discussion of the subject in this paper.